Federal Reserve System or FRS is specially created on Decembers, 23, 1913 independent federal agency for implementation of functions of the monetary authority and realization of the centralized control over the commercial banking system of the United States of America. Founding for the creation is Law on Federal reserve. The state plays determining role in the management of the FRS, although the pattern of ownership of capital is private: joint-stock with the special status of shares of stock.
The college students interested in writing free sample research papers on Federal Reserve have to know current functions of the FRS:
- performance of duties of the US Federal Bank;
- maintenance of the balance between the interests of commercial banks and national interests;
- providing of supervision and regulation for bank institutions;
- protection of credit consumers;
- management by money creation (with quite often conflicting aims: minimization of unemployment, maintenance of stability of prices, providing of moderate interest rates);
- providing of stability of the financial system, control of system risks on financial markets;
- providing of financial services to the depositarys, including to the US government;
- participating in functioning of the system of international and internal payments;
- solution of liquidity problems at the local level.
Memory loss, or transient global amnesia, is temporal memory disorder, when a part or all memories disappear temporally. The patient often cannot remember, where he is, and the way he got there; he is unable to remember what was happening a few hours, days, and even years ago. As a rule, memory loss the patient eventual is able to remember, who he and everybody around is, but this does not make the problem less considerable. Fortunately, such a disorder happens rarely, practically does not harm the patients and probability of its reiteration is very small. As a rule, the episodes of brief loss of memory end quickly, and after it memory is completely restored.
To write an interesting research paper on memory loss, it is important to take into account all possible aspects of the considered phenomenon. That will allow you to prepare a successful research proposal and prove the urgency of the chosen topic. Continue reading
Microfinance institutions are the financial institutions of different types which fulfil the function of crediting small business. It is natural that small firms will never exist without the support of microfinance institutions which lend money to the novice businessmen regarding the quality of their business plans. Obviously, small business is a very important branch of the state’s economy, because it provides smart and creative people with the chance to start their own business and produce something useful for the society. The majority of the wise and talented people did not open their potential just because of the unfavourable financial background. Microfinance institutions have the duty to provide people with credits which can be spent on starting one’s business. These institutions observe small business and its development form the point of view of two aspects – economical and social. Continue reading
Innovation management is the complex of actions which are aimed at the maintenance of the competitiveness and development of business with the help of the mechanisms of management of innovative processes. The objects of innovative management are innovations and innovative processes. Innovative process is the process of creation, mastering, spread and use of the innovation of practice.
The innovative process can be applied to the goods and services through the fundamental research, marketing and sale and this process means the transformation of the idea into goods. Generally, innovations can be divided into product, technological and managerial, though all these innovations are interconnected and are applied in the process of production. Continue reading
Heavy metal music is a genre of rock music derived from psychedelic rock at the beginning and the middle of 1970s, mainly in England and United States of America. Heavy metal fans are called metalheads.
Main attributes of the heavy metal music are distorted guitar sound, protracted guitar solos, aggressive rhythm, as a rule six-, octa- or two- meter signatures, lightened riffs.
If you are about to write free sample research paper on the topic you probably should know that heavy metal music has a large enough number of styles, from comparatively “soft” (traditional heavy metal, power metal) to the very “heavy” and unacceptable for majority unprepared listeners (death metal, black metal, grindcore). Music of “metallic” genres is widespread practically in all countries, but the most large stages were formed in north Europe (Britain, Scandinavia, Germany) and North America (The USA, Canada). Continue reading
DoS (Denial of Service) is a hacker attack on the computer system (usually perpetrated by hackers) on purpose to lead to its complete failure and denial of service, id est implementing of such conditions when the legal users of the system cannot get access to the given system resources (to the servers), or this access is difficult. The denial of service of the given system can be a step to the system hacking (if in the case of a critical situation can reveal some critical information – for example, a part of the source code, etc.). But more often it is a means of economic pressure: downtime of a service, giving income, bills from a provider and costs on anti-hacking measure can be a strain on the service owner resources.
Those college or university writers preparing their research papers on the topic, should know that today, DoS and DDos attacks are most popular, as they allow to get practically any system completely out of service, without leaving legally meaningful evidences. Continue reading
Mathematical modeling is the process of creation of mathematic models on practice. A mathematical model is a system of mathematical relationships, which describe the process under research or the event. Mathematical modeling is applied in such science as economics, ecology, sociology, physics, chemistry, mechanics, information technologies, biology, etc. So, it is natural that every science which uses the definite numbers and statistical methods of the research has to rely on the mathematical models which help them organize the results of the analysis wisely and logically. In order to receive the mathematical model one applies the laws of ecology, special laws of exact sciences, the results of active and passive experiments, the imitative modeling with the help of the computing machines. The models help experts with the predictions about the development of the process, calculate the function, control the process, project systems with the required characteristics. Continue reading
Bubble gum is a variant of the chewing gum that allows chewers to make bubbles with it.
It was invented in 1928 by Walter Diemer who searched for new recipes of the chewing gum. The new recipe Diemer has found made the gum more stretchable and less sticky, which allowed the mentioned effect. It was called Dubble Bubble for such an extraordinary ability to stretch.
College or university students whose task is to write a solid research paper on bubble gum have to show some creativity to prepare a really decent research paper because today it is very difficult to be authentic and original. They have to present well known facts, such as why bubble gum was originally pink, or what material is used to produce chewing gum the old days and what is used now, in totally new light and angle so that the audience have found their research project interesting and maybe even inspiring. Continue reading
Molecular biology is the branch of biology which studies biological processes on the level of biopolymers – nucleic acids, proteins and their structures. The fundamental tasks of molecular biology are the research of the molecular mechanisms of the major biological processes, such as reproduction and realization of genetic information, biosynthesis of proteins and nucleic acids and the study of the molecular background of these processes. It is natural, that everything alive consists of the smallest particles called molecules and it is of vital importance to learn about the principles of their existence, activity and cooperation which other molecules within the biological processes which maintain life on the planet. There are several branches of the research on molecular biology. First of all it is the research of macromolecules and their structures which create live materials focusing on their heredity, development and growth. Continue reading
Water purification is a process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological pollutants, suspended particulate matters and gases, contaminating fresh water. The final result of the cleaning process is a clean drinking-water suitable for the use with a certain goal. Depending on the purpose of waste water purification, other terms are used: sewage treatment as well as industrial water treatment.
If you are a college or university student and your objective is to write a successful research paper on water purification that would have unique and authentic content and would be argumentative and appealing for your audience and your professor as well as such helping you to prove the urgency of the chosen topic, you have to very carefully consider the use of free example research papers on the topic. These free samples in particular will help you understand that the most intense way to clean up water is used when the water is prepared for the use by a man for domestic needs (drinking-water).
In addition, water treatment can be produced for other purposes answering other requirements, for example, for medical aims or for application in chemical, pharmacological, or other industries or even for using in a lab in various experiments. Continue reading