For a century, Nepal had not experienced such a catastrophe. The earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on Saturday, April 25 has ravaged the country. The human and material toll is dramatic. According to the latest count by the United Nations, more than six thousand people are dead and over 150 thousand houses were destroyed. And not to mention about 145 000 partially damaged houses.
At the outset, international aid has poured into the country, one of the poorest in the world. Saturday, may 2, the capital was saturated with medical equipment, food, blankets… It must be said that immediately after the earthquake, donations fundraising campaigns have been set up by non-governmental organizations in all Western countries. The first days were crucial for the fundraising.
The television images were hitting the public. And the peak of donation was reached in less than a week.
Alongside non-governmental organizations, digital mastodons mobilized to assist the Nepalese. Continue reading
Mindfulness is a form of meditation in which one resides aware of the physical and mental sensations and situations of the moment in a non reactive way.
It is part of the so-called eightfold path (in Pali and Sanskrit: atthangika magga) and is then called sati in Pali or smṛti in Sanskrit. It is applied for thousands of years by supporters of various forms of Buddhism. This is considered a specific vipassana Buddhist training that allows the practitioner to the vision and knowledge of the reality as it is.
In the West it is known thanks to the work by Thich Nhat Hanh, a Vietnamese monk who lives in France and is banished and now teaches there. Numerous Buddhist monks from Thailand and Myanmar have taught the Vipassana in its pure form which has led to thousands of practitioners in the Western world. The Indian teacher you Ba Khin has many followers in Europe and America. Continue reading
During the crime, the criminal can leave traces on the body of the victim. It may be traces of blood, fingerprints, signs of assault and beating, etc. The investigator who goes to places or health workers receiving the victim may also collect some forensic evidence such as the clothing or blood, mud or semen stains.
Forensic evidence will be collected soon after rape (preferably before 72 hours from the time of the assault). It is preferable that the evidence be carefully kept by the person who examined the victim in the first place (the nurse or physician). The health officer shall transcribe all information and findings on the sheet of care of a victim of sexual violence or medical file in a complete, accurate way and without any judgment.
All these traces, however they do not directly indicate the culprit, still assume something has happened and is an element in the search for the truth. Continue reading
The strong link between the body and the mind serves as the theoretical basis of the eastern approach. If the western thought is directed to a separation between matter and spirit since the appearance of Cartesian thought, the ancient wisdom from Eastern approaches are all based on the mind-body connection. Think of Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, Taoism, Buddhism and of course martial arts.
Research of the “hara” (the Energy Center of the body), the use of “ki” (energy), visualization and meditation as tool of self-transcendence, the power to control your respiration are techniques that have been developed by the observation of natural laws and experimenting on yourself. The results are not quantifiable and cannot be reproduced in the laboratory (every human being is unique); these methods are not a priority pathway for scientific research.
However, recent discoveries on the functioning of the nervous system and brain lead some scientists to get closer to the Eastern vision of the body, taken as a system in itself, which all parts are interrelated, including body and spirit (holistic vision of the human being). Continue reading
Paul Michel Foucault (born 15 October 1926 in Poitiers, France – dead June 25, 1984, Paris) was a French philosopher, historian of philosophy, a culture theorist, social theorist, and psychologist. He is considered the largest of the French thinkers of the 20th century and is sometimes considered to be the main representative of French structuralism (together with Claude Lévi-Straussom and Georges Barthesom).
His father was a doctor, the career he wished to Michel, who was, however, more interested in philosophy. After receiving a degree in philosophy in 1948 at the prestigious school École Normale Supérieure, Michel graduated from the psychology and psychopathology faculty in 1952. At this time he joined the French Communist Party, but later got out of it. He worked in various French cultural institutes and abroad (Uppsala, Warsaw, Hamburg, Tunis), later as a Professor of philosophy at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, then in Vincennes outside Paris, and finally since 1971 at the prestigious French college. Continue reading
Extrasensory perception or ESP, also called e.s.p., is other from the known sensory perception, beyond human physical senses. This category of phenomena includes telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance, and clairaudience. Although many scientists still have doubts in the existence of ESP, there are people who claim this ability to have been used by research teams in the search for missing persons or for business purposes.
ESP is a controversial issue and no final scientific demonstration of ESP’s existence has been made. Parapsychology science explores this possibility and some scientific experiments such as the ganzfeld have been suggested as great evidence for ESP.
If we are talking about ESP as mind abilities, we have in mind, in particular, two of his abilities: telepathy, clairvoyance, clairaudience, and the so-called precognition. Continue reading
Neuron generates and sends impulse to the axon of the nerve then transmits the signal through the synapse via the release of neurotransmitters that cause a reaction in another neuron or effective cell. The signal has excitatory or inhibitory effects on the cell, depending on the neurotransmitter and receptor of the recipient.
In the central nervous system, there are complex interactions. Impulse from one neuron can be conducted to another from the axon to the cell body, from the axon to the dendrite, from the cell body to the cell body or from the dendrite to dendrite. A neuron receives a large number of simultaneously stimulating and inhibiting signals from other neurons and combines them in various patterns of bits.
Distribution of nerve impulse through the axon has electrical nature and caused by the shift of Na and Ca through axonal membrane. A single neuron generates repetitive signals after each stimulus and passes them with fixed speed on the axon. Continue reading
Social cognition refers to the set of cognitive processes (perception, memory, reasoning, emotions…) involved in social interactions in humans, but also in social animals, especially primates.
An essential aspect of social phenomena lies in how we understand and perceive the social world.
This is the concept of social cognition, which has emerged in social psychology to explain this process, in which it highlights the specific cognitive modalities for development and construction of reality:
- What do we think about the situations we are involved in?
- How do we build the reality?
- What image do we have of others?
Industrial pollution is a kind of pollution that is caused by harmful effect of human activity. It is quite a new type of pollution, because centuries ago it did not exist.
Industrial pollution appeared with the rapid development of the process of industrialization. People invented new technologies of production and built plants and factories that worked with the help of coal, oil and wood – resources the products of which pollute atmosphere, soil and water. With the run of time, the number of industrialized areas has increased rapidly and today it is difficult to find a non-industrialized pure territory. Industrial pollution is characterized with severe pollution of water, air and soil with the results of human activity. Such industries as mining, oil, chemical, transport, etc. cause much harm to nature, because they produce dangerous wastes that affect natural environment, human and animal health badly. Many factories and plants produce wastes that are poured into rivers, seas and oceans contaminating and polluting water. Continue reading
Narcissistic personality disorder is a personality disorder that is characterized by extreme sense of self-assertion, lack of self-awareness, exaggerated self-esteem, overestimated self-image, a great need to be in the focus of attention, and the lack of empathy.
This pathological narcissism is different from the natural narcissism we all carry on, the feeling of wanting to be liked.
Narcissistic personality disorder is lasting and can be traced back to childhood. Individuals may briefly display symptoms of the same disorder, such as during a trauma or due to a brain disease, which is called personality change.
The percentage of people with narcissistic personality disorder of varying severity is assumed to have grown in the last decades of the 20th century. Continue reading