Research Paper about Gaming Addiction:
Gaming addiction refers to excessive or compulsive use of computer and video games. In some cases it is reported that players who play compulsively, isolating themselves from social contact and focusing almost entirely on achieving goals in the game rather than in real life. Perhaps the most noted form of gaming occurring in gaming addiction is MMORPG such as World of Warcraft.
Gaming addiction can be detected by symptoms, which are usually manifested in drug addicted individuals or individuals having other psychological dependencies. Patient with gaming addiction cannot stop playing even if their need in rest is critical, which leads to sleep disrupting, an effect extremely common in game addicted. They also feel a strong need to play whenever or wherever possible, which leads to decrease of their performance at work or deterioration of their relationships with family and friends.
Gaming addiction is not included as a diagnosis in either the DSM or the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. Continue reading
Ethical Behavior Research Paper:
Ethical behavior is not only a simple compliance with certain restrictions, but also the implementation of the principle of respect for the customer at the expense of the personal interests of the auditor.
The idea of ethical behavior in business is also to protect the company from attacks by unethical employees and competitors. High ethical standards protect employees too. If people are working in a highly ethical company, the firm attitude to them, from the standpoint of fairness and dignity, returns in highest ethical level of the employees themselves and the increase of productivity.
In other words, the ethical behavior of firms in the long run can be achieved only through collective efforts.
Unfortunately, the conditions of perfect competition and the implementation of contracts, which does not require costs represent a perfect business environment, not really feasible in the existing market economy. And that means that ethical behavior is a prerequisite for a functioning market economy. Continue reading
Research Paper about Cell Phone Addiction:
In addition to its direct functions – communication with others – a cell phone can replace a camera, camcorder, game console, book, etc. It is hard to imagine – how just a few decades ago, people got along without it? However, there is a downside to these “relationship.” Overuse of a cell phone can lead to the negative consequences similar to those in other well-known addictions.
The term “cell phone addiction” is relatively new. It was introduced by experts to describe the state of anxiety and even panic among the people who, for one reason or another lost opportunity to use their cell phone in order to keep themselves in touch with other people. Discharged battery, empty account, the lost of the cell phone may seem an absolutely banal and ordinary situation.
However, the results of a recent sociological study in the UK suggests otherwise: 53% of people in this country suffer from cell phone addiction, which is usually manifested through the panic fear of being alone. Continue reading
Biodiversity is the variety of life in all its manifestations. In addition, biodiversity is usually used to refer to the diversity at three levels of organization: genetic diversity (diversity of genes and their), species diversity (diversity of species in the ecosystem) and, finally, ecosystem diversity, i.e., the diversity of the ecosystems themselves.
Basic scientific concepts of biodiversity were formulated only in the mid-twentieth century, which is directly linked to the development of quantitative methods in biology.
Origin of the term “biodiversity” is debatable. There is an opinion that the term “biodiversity” was first used by G. Bates in 1892. On the other hand there are suggestions that the term “BioDiversity” first introduced by B. Rosen in 1968 at a national forum “Strategy of the United States in relation to biological diversity,” and it should be noted that the neologism is as a shortened version of “biological diversity,” which originally was used only to describe a number of species.” Continue reading
Existential Therapy Research Paper:
Existential therapy, also referred to as existential psychotherapy, is a form of therapy based both existential philosophy and existential psychology. Therapy has its adepts worldwide and occurs especially in several countries in Europe, the U.S., Mexico, and Australia.
Existential therapy has been trying scientifically to find a variant of the humanistic therapy modalities which would be evidence-based and effective in parity with other forms of therapy.
Particularly good results have been demonstrated for depressed clients, the clients victims of trauma and abuse, for health-related problems, somato-psychic, as well as marriage and relationship problems.
The Existential psychotherapy focuses an individual on the life he or she lives and tries to help the patient understand how his mental suffering is related to the way of living and relating to his existence and its challenges. Continue reading
Research Paper on Language Acquisition:
Speech and language acquisition is the process whereby children acquire their first spoken language, their native language. This should not be confused with language learning, dealing with later learning of other languages. Speech continues to develop even after the language been learned and also includes the development and the natural aging process of the language.
Infant language development begins long before they begin to make use of the spoken language.
Even at birth, babies can make themselves understood by their environment using face expressions and screams. Before children have mastered the spoken language they use different ways of communication with their environment, among these are gestures, expressions, cry, gurgle, and especially body language. Continue reading
Behavior Therapy Research Paper:
Behavior therapy is a psychological approach focusing on observable behavior determined by the environment and the history of interactions between the individual and his environment.
For example, learning is described as a modification of the observable behavior, due to the change in the force with which is associated a response to external stimuli (outer environment) or internal stimuli (internal environment) to the body.
Historically, behaviorism emerged in reaction to the “mentalist” approaches, which considered the “mental” the cause of any action defending introspection as a method of access to the understanding of the mind. Following the impact of Sigmund Freud and his structuralism theories, psychology was divided between Europeans and Americans, who continued perception and behavior theory respectively. Continue reading
Shopping Addiction Research Paper:
The Shopping addiction (also Shopaholism, buying mania, spending spree, buying pressure, Noemie, pathological buying) is a mental disorder among consumers, which is expressed as compulsive, episodic purchase of goods. It is similar to gambling addiction or the addiction to work is not seen as an independent disease but counted as obsessive-compulsive disorder (Group F42.x in ICD-10), sometimes to the impulse control disorders (F63.x). It was included in 1909 in the first edition of the textbook by Emil Kraepelin.
For the psychiatric diagnosis it is essential that no longer the possession of the goods is the action goal, but the liberation of an imperative urge the buying action itself, the futility of doing makes clear in this respect the shopping addiction is different from consumerism. Efforts of will do not help nevertheless. If an addicted is prevented from buying action, there will be withdrawal symptoms, in the form of vegetative arousal. Usually a particular department (e.g., shoes) are preferred. The objects are far in excess of requirements are often purchased and stored unpacked or even thrown away. Continue reading
Research Paper on Deviant Behavior:
In a sociological context, deviant behavior or abnormality is actions and behavior that violates social norms including formally adopted regulations and laws (such as crime) and the informal ones, such as customs. Sociologists, psychologists, and criminologists study the phenomenon of deviation and how norms arise, change over time and compliance.
There is not a single definition of what a deviant behavior are. Sociologists, criminologists, and psychologists have characterized it as a different, but defined it primarily as a behavior that violates social norms. According to Jack D. Douglas and Frances Chaput Waksler, the deviant behavior can be any thought, feeling, or action whatsoever, which implies a violation of the values or rules accepted by a social group; Doug Thomson says that it is a violation of a society or a group’s norms; Gary F. Jensen says that it is an act that violates the norms of a social system, which are defined as an appropriate in the society; Simon Dinitz, Russell Rowe Dynes, and Alfred Carpenter Clarke explains it as a kind of behavior that takes a position from the standards defined by a specific community; Marshall B. Clinard and Robert F. Meier say that it is a crime against certain types of group norms to the extent that the behavior comes across boundaries for what is tolerated in the society. Continue reading
Research Paper on Alcohol Addiction:
Alcohol addiction is characterized by increasing mental, physical and social problems. Most so-called alcoholics are “socially embedded,” and such a person has a social network and job.
Regardless of it, alcohol intake increasingly overshadows all other activity unless the process is stopped in time. This leads to the complication of the person’s social situation, absenteeism increases, and health care needs grow; in longer term, such people are threatened with a premature death.
Heavy or long-term alcohol addiction can lead to epileptic seizures or delirium tremens at the sudden interruption. A rule of thumb is that the corresponding 70 cl of spirits per day without a break for three weeks increases the risk of epileptic seizures and delirium tremens, which are both so-called withdrawal complications. A person with pronounced alcohol addiction should always be evaluated by an experienced physician in order to determine if there is a risk of withdrawal complications. In smaller towns where specialized dependent care is not available, it is common for psychiatrists making such assessments. Continue reading