Impulse buying is an action of unplanned purchase of a product. When one has not planned to buy a product or service but has made this decision just before this purchase, he can be called an impulse buyer. Experts claim that impulse buying is a widespread phenomenon that exists all over the world.
It is obvious that people are controlled by their emotions rather than by intellect, that is why impulse buying is so frequent today. The majority of supermarkets and small stores do their best to attract the best marketers who will invent the best ways of making clients do impulse purchases. They try to place goods in the right places or decorate them in such a way to affect client’s emotions and to make him buy this product. The most popular and effective method of attracting clients is to place small and cheap products at the checkout aisles. Continue reading
Social entrepreneurship is an activity, aimed at mitigating or resolving social problems, characterized by the following features.
- social impact meaning the focus on the solution/mitigation of existing social problems and measurable persistently positive social outcomes;
- innovation meaning new, unique approaches that increase social impact;
- cost recovery and financial sustainability meaning the ability of social enterprises to solve social problems for as long as is needed using revenue generated by their own activities;
- replicability and scalability referring to the scaling ability of a social enterprise (nationally and internationally) and the dissemination of experience (with a view to increase social impact;
- entrepreneurial approach meaning the social entrepreneur ability to see the social market gaps, finding opportunities to accumulate resources, develop new solutions that have lasting positive effects on society as a whole.
Technical education is a type of education that is aimed at the improvement of student’s knowledge in the fields of science and mathematics. Nowadays technical education is very important for the development of every country, because human civilization and its development depends on technologies and abilities to apply knowledge on practice. When one speaks about technical education, he often confuses this study with vocational education where students are taught to work with their hands. Evidently, manual work is not the same as technical education, because this type of work does not require deep knowledge in sciences and mathematics. It does not worth mentioning that technical education focuses on high technologies, engineering and other activities that require practical knowledge about mathematics and other exact sciences. Continue reading
Sex change is the process transsexuals go through in order to switch from their biological gender to opposite sex, i.e., to change their gender identity. It can be divided into different parts: social, biological, and legal gender reassignment.
Harry Benjamin’s organization is the organization that publishes the standards and guidelines for the people who work professionally with transsexuals. According to the study by the Organization, there are transsexual who do not want to use all the opportunities that may be available to them, which may be due to several things, e.g., because they may not perceive themselves neither as one or other sex, perhaps they do not believe that the potential results commensurate with the cost, just as well there may be medical reasons to refrain from certain things.
In social sense, sex change is the process where transsexuals establish themselves in their new gender. Typically, this is done by jumping out of their usual environment into new social groups in order to have the opportunity to establish themselves socially with people who have no prejudices about gender. Continue reading
The first 3D internet implementation became real due to the Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) developed in 1995, initially designed to create interactive 3D demonstrations over the World Wide Web. The idea was very bold at the time, in 1995, as a typical Internet connection through a dial-up modem had maximum transmission rate at 33600 bps, and even the speed of digital subscriber lines did not exceed 128 Kbps. with full color picture transmitted to the user’s computer in minutes, 3D Online seemed like a figment of an unhealthy imagination of B-movie science fiction writer. However, people who developed the standard worked for the famous Silicon Graphics Inc., who was no stranger to putting fantasy into reality.
In addition to SGI, Sun and Macromedia were known for their attempts to create a three-dimensional network, as well as such giants as Microsoft (Chrome, and later the 3D objects in the .NET Framework) and Adobe (Atmosphere). Continue reading
Ethnicity means belonging to a group of people who believe they have common origins and characteristics. Ethnic groups are biologically self-replicating through higher or lower degree of endogami, that is, marriage within the group. Ethnic groups differ in culture, while questions about appearance tend to be seen separately from ethnicity. Examples of ethnic groups are Germans, Jews, Kurds, Iranians, Russians, etc.
Generally, four principles are being used to distinguish an ethnic group from other social groups:
- It consists mostly of members who mainly get married within their own group, (endogami).
- Its members perceive themselves, and are viewed even by external observer as a special category.
- The group held together by ideas of a common origin.
- It is distinguished from other groups by specific social and cultural features, such as language, religion, and customs.
Psychotherapy is a system of medical influence on psyche and via the psyche on the human body. Often defined as activities aimed at freeing the individual from the various problems (emotional, personal, social, etc.) It is usually carried out by therapist through the establishment of deep personal contact with the patient (often through interviews and discussions), as well as the application of various cognitive, behavioral, medical, and other techniques. Depending on patients (child or adult), the type and severity of the disorder, and the context of the intervention, there are many forms of psychotherapy that rely on many different practices based on various and sometimes contradictory theoretical approaches. However, such a definition is not complete.
To date, there is no single view on the definition of the concept of “psychotherapy,” But thanks to the efforts of the European Association of Psychotherapy (EAP), there is a big work is being made in European countries by the EU legislative framework for Standardization under the definition of psychotherapy in the Strasbourg Declaration. Continue reading
Psycholinguistics is a science about human language in its psychological and linguistic aspects. This science is based on the detailed study of psychological activity of a human being in the process of development of his linguistic skills and use of his language as an autonomic system.
Obviously, if one wants to catch the meaning of a linguistic sign, he has to turn on his cognitive processes. The main aim of psycholinguistics is description and explanation of the peculiarities of language functioning from the point of view of psychology, sociology and culturology. Language is treated like a phenomenon that is influenced by human social and cultural activity and his personal lifestyle and worldviews. Psycholinguistics is focused on an individual in his process of communication. This science tries to understand the mechanism of receiving of information by organs of sense and its processing in the human brain that helps one react to this information and response to it. Continue reading
Forced marriage is a marriage in which one or both spouses enter into a marriage without the consent or against their will.
Forced marriage is still practiced in parts of South Asia, East Asia, and Africa as well as among immigrants from these regions, living in the developed countries.
Forced marriage differs from arranged marriage, in which both spouses are married, with the participation of parents or of a third party (for example, the matchmaker), in the right to choose a spouse, although this difference may be implicit. Marriage by arrangement is not the same as forced marriage, since in the first case, the parties have the opportunity to choose not to accept the marriage offer, and in the second, there is no such. However, it was often difficult to distinguish between forced marriages and marriage by agreement, due to the pressure from the family and society to enter into a marriage to show obedience to parents. Continue reading
Group communication is a type of communication in which communication takes place between two or more people of a certain social group or organization to implement the interdependent action and solutions to common problems. The group communication process can be both in the form of two or more interpersonal communications or in mutual form, orientated to all members of the group or organization. Due to the fact that the number of both senders and recipients of information increases, there is a strong possibility of misunderstanding and the distortion of information.
What is the essence of group communication?
At the level of mass and, in part, group communication there are paradoxical phenomena. The sender may be an individual, while the recipient can be a group, a collective, mass, party, people, etc., but also the sender of the message may be the so-called collegial body. Continue reading