Evolutionary psychology is the direction of modern psychology, which studies human specific psychological characteristics as a representative of Homo sapiens species.
This trend has emerged at the intersection of different disciplines and branches of scientific knowledge: anthropology, sociobiology, ethology, psychology, and genetics.
Use free sample research papers on the topic to learn that evolutionary psychologists believe that human behavior is largely a result of genetic adaptations that have been developed to overcome recurring obstacles in the historic environment. More specifically, evolutionary psychology, considers the brain of humans and other primates as consisting of a large number of functional mechanisms, so-called mental adaptations. These have evolved through natural selection to favor an organism’s survival and reproduction and are universal within a species, with the exception of those that are gender-or age-specific. This includes also.
Some fragmented psychological research, using evolutionary approach as a methodology, began to appear in the late 70’s – early 80’s of the last century and focused on the study of psychological mechanisms that ensure universal psychological features.
These features include the temperament, cognitive abilities, mechanisms for the avoidance of inbreeding or detection of cheats, children’s fears of loud noises, nightfall, ghosts, strangers; characteristic manifestations of emotions like anger, jealousy, love, passion; rivalry in the marriage behavior and specific preferences when choosing a marital partner; loyalty and keeping the ancestral traditions, altruism and affection to family members; game; the deception; fidelity in marriage and temporary sexual relationships; revenge for committed violence; sanctions against criminal gangs and their members; religious ceremonies and rituals; status differences, the struggle for social status and psychological efforts to support status and reputation; humor; gender differences and gender stereotypes; sexual attraction and sexual modesty; standards of attractiveness and beauty; jealousy; manufacture of instruments of labor and murder weapons; the creation of rival coalitions; collectivism and so on.
In the second half of the 80’s of the XX century, the integrated extensive research in the field of evolutionary psychology and individual differences began to appear. One of the most interesting of these was organized and hosted by the American scientist David Bass and is dedicated to the exploration of strategies of mating behavior and jealousy.
At the end of the 90’s of the last century, the first textbook on evolutionary psychology was published. It was sponsored by John Tubi and Leda Kosmajdes, who today are leaders of the leading research center for evolutionary psychology.
In the last decade the idea of evolutionary psychology are popular not only in the United States but also in other countries such as Canada and Australia. Current research in this area is most extensively covering in the Specialized Edition of Evolutionary psychology journal.
Methods of evolutionary psychology include first and foremost the classical methods of psychological research, comparative analysis of behavioral patterns between different species of animals and humans, as well as modeling.
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