Poverty alleviation is a process that focuses on reducing poverty in a community or group of individuals.
Poverty alleviation may refer to absolute or relative poverty. Absolute poverty means that someone lives on the edge of subsistence. This person lacks food, safe drinking water, sanitation, health, education, shelter, and information.
Absolute poverty occurs mainly in developing countries. In turn, relative poverty refers to the living conditions of a group or person judged in relationship with its environment. It is an index for the income inequality. Relative poverty is everywhere.
Poverty is not limited to income poverty. It has many dimensions, such as social exclusion, lack of access to education, and a short life expectancy. Development experts also inclined to use broader definitions of poverty. Continue reading
Forced marriage is a marriage in which one or both spouses enter into a marriage without the consent or against their will.
Forced marriage is still practiced in parts of South Asia, East Asia, and Africa as well as among immigrants from these regions, living in the developed countries.
Forced marriage differs from arranged marriage, in which both spouses are married, with the participation of parents or of a third party (for example, the matchmaker), in the right to choose a spouse, although this difference may be implicit. Marriage by arrangement is not the same as forced marriage, since in the first case, the parties have the opportunity to choose not to accept the marriage offer, and in the second, there is no such. However, it was often difficult to distinguish between forced marriages and marriage by agreement, due to the pressure from the family and society to enter into a marriage to show obedience to parents. Continue reading
Corporate culture is the system of values and views that is shared between all employees of the chosen firm and this system influences the company’s wellbeing. Corporate culture is also one of the most effective means of self-organization, because if employees share common values and aims, they will work hard for the good of their firm without the strict control from the side of their boss. The main aim of corporate culture is the total improvement of the firm’s profit with the help of improvement of the effectiveness of human resource management. It is important to develop employee’s loyalty towards the firm in order to bind him with it and to make him work hard for its benefit. The ideal result of the appropriate strategy of corporate culture is the formation of employee’s attitude towards the company like to his own home, where he can find support and reveal all his talents. Continue reading
Natural fibres are thoseof animal or vegetable origin. The most used are the fibers of cotton, flax and hemp, or sisal, jute, kenaf, or coconut. Hemp fibres were especially prized for making ropes and aerofoils for vessels of the merchant marine and warships due to their great flexibility and resistance in aggressive environment.
Many natural fibres have been explored over time as resources for the textile industry. Due to the finesse, strength, and durability of fibre, these different resources are used for the production of clothing, fabrics, carpets, ropes, or handling bags. Competition in these areas with artificial and synthetic textile fibres are found in new opportunities in the pulp and paper industry or in the construction.
After World War II, the rise of synthetic fibres will considerably reduce the use of natural fibres.
Due to the soaring prices of oil, the environmental constraints, and obligations of recycling, we are witnessing today the revival of the sector of textile, construction, plastics, and automotive areas. Enthusiasm reinforced by the prospects of development of the agro-industrial sectorsand local production, vectors of development and economic independence from imported products. Continue reading
Ethiopian culture is the set of cultures of various peoples of Ethiopia.
Among many traditional customs, compliance is especially important, including respect to elders. It customary for Ethiopian culture, when some one rises from his seat or bed to offer it to a friend or an older family member, even if there he is only a year older.
The educational system in Ethiopia has been historically dominated by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church for several centuries, until 1900 when a secular education system was adopted. However, until the 1974 revolution, members of the essentially Christian aristocracy and those of Amhara origin occupied a privileged position. Languages other than Amharic were absent, the teaching Afaan oromo, for example, was not practiced. Continue reading
Social interaction is a variety of social relations that occur in public relations between people and roles that are performed by them in the society.
Use free sample research papers on the topic to learn that social interactions are a set of social relations between members of the society.
Social interactions are the attitude to other, historically having certain public forms, in the particular circumstances of time and place. Social interactions are the relationship between social actors about their equality and social justice in the distribution of welfare benefits, the conditions of formation and development of the personality, the satisfaction of material, social, and spiritual needs. Social interactions are the relations that are established between large groups of people. By the direction, social interactions can be divided into economic, political, spiritual, and social. Continue reading
Liposomes are the closed bubbles spontaneously formed from mixtures of phospholipids with water. Their wall is composed of one or more layers of phospholipids (two molecules thick layers), in which other substances can be embedded (e.g., proteins). Inside the liposome contains water or solution.
Use free sample research papers on liposomes to learn that the diameter of the liposomes range from 20 nm (unilamellar vesicles, with the wall of a bilayer) up to 10-50 µm (multilamellar vesicles, with the wall is made up of dozens or hundreds of bilayers).
Using the liposome the membrane interaction with vitamins, hormones, antibiotics and other drugs is studied. Liposomes are also used as carriers of toxic drugs, when accurate delivery to the sick organ or tissue, bypassing the rest of the body, is important. Continue reading
Bill Clinton is the 42th President of the United States (1993-2001) elected from the Democratic Party. Prior to his election to the post, Clinton was twice elected the Governor of Arkansas.
William Jefferson Blythe was born August 19, 1946, Hole, Arkansas. When Bill was 4, his mother married Roger Clinton, a used cars dealer. Bill took his stepfather’s last name when he was 15 years old.
After finishing school, he studied successively at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., University College (Oxford), Yale University. Despite the fact, that Bill’s family belonged to the middle-class, Bill’s parents could not pay his study at the prestigious University as his stepfather seriously suffered from alcoholism at that time, and Bill has to handled himself. He received a scholarship and worked at three jobs. At Yale University, which he graduated in 1973, he met Hillary Rodham, whom he married October 11, 1975. After graduation, Clinton long taught at the University of Arkansas law school in Fayetteville. Continue reading
The concept of employment discrimination includes discrimination during hiring, promotion, job assignment, termination, and compensation.
In many cases, such discrimination is prohibited. Often there are prohibitions of discrimination on some specific grounds. Different attitudes to certain groups is also possible.
In the case of prohibited discrimination, it takes hidden, changed forms, manifesting itself as age discrimination or persecution of certain groups of workers. In addition, employees did not always seek to counteract similar treatment.
Like any discrimination, employment discrimination may be intentional or unintentional, based on prejudice or ignorance.
The legislation prohibiting discrimination may consider the following indicators: Continue reading
Radio advertising (radio ad) refers to the broadcasting of advertising during radio shows. Mostly, it is designed by advertising agencies on behalf of a trademark owner or product provider. Radio advertising is produced mostly by recording studios, which are responsible for the casting of the speaker, music research and composition, sound design and the final sound mix. Radio stations broadcasting the ads take the payment by time (seconds) tariff.
Radio advertising is a secondary medium as it can be performed on the ground of other human activities (driving, housework, reading a newspaper, etc.), when our attention is reduced. This must be considered in the design of radio ads. At radio advertising producing, all the elements, used at producing other types of advertising, are used: drama elements, language (dialog/monologue), voice (tone or intonation) music (especially vocal/rap, song, jingle), sounds, live moderation, atmospheric impressions, silence and special items such as the acoustic logo/sound logo. In addition, specific dramatic pattern is the basis for commercials in radio ad. Verbal or tonal/musical design procedures, testimonial, real or fictional radio piece, interview, or jingle can be used. Continue reading