Different Periods in Russian Economy
In this research paper I will shortly cover general features of economy during the periods from industrialization of Stalin till present Medvedev’s government.
Stalin had great influence on the economy of the Soviet Union in 1920s. It was he, who launched industrialization process, and who knows where could be Russia now, if he did everything right and succeeded. From one hand his actions were directed on the overall well-being of the Soviet Union and its people. He was a real patriot who wanted to see USSR on the top of the world. On the other hand he was ruthless to common people and in every second person envisioned the enemy of the nation. Obviously, all public enemies had to stay in convict colonies and camps (Barbusse 42-44).
During the period of the Stalin’s government country was facing a depression. Stalin considered fast and efficient industrialization the only way to take the country out of the crisis and to raise it to unknown previously economic heights. He started with the agricultural sector by introducing the notion of collective and state farms. He was against private property of any kind.
In 1928 he introduced the first five year plan with set standards of production that seemed quite unachievable. People should sacrifice everything, including personal interests for the common goal, for their native country, for its future and prosperity. Later on, he decided to speed up the timing of this plan, not taking into consideration that there were no factual prerequisites for it. Continue reading
The Birthmark was written by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the middle of 19th century and was first published in 1843. The story describes the very natural thing, birthmark, and its impact on different minds. An 18th century’s scientist, Aylmer, gets married to a beautiful woman but later on finds his frustration about one feature in her appearance. An author has found a delicate way to criticize and blame the epoch, which he lived in, through this short, but meaningful, story.
One of the passages from the story describes Georgiana’s, Aylmer’s wife, birthmark. Earlier, a conversation between the spouses begins, and an author tries to give every little detail in order for the reader to imagine and picture for herself the cause of the problem. The first thing, which should be noted, is that the author describes Georgiana’s birthmark with a grain of admiration and pity. It seems as if he tries to justify a little imperfection of a woman. Partially, this can be notices in the way he describes, how previous Georgiana’s lovers used to approach and treat her birthmark. After describing a negative approach to a mark by the female figures, he gives an example of Eve of Powers, which can ‘convert to a monster’ by the blue strains in the statuary marble. These author’s comments give a clear picture of a disagreement with the story’s character, Aylmer, concerning his wife’s appearance. Continue reading
Obesity is directly and indirectly linked to various medical conditions
When talking about obesity, the first thing that comes to my mind is the medical consequences of obesity that are both diverse and serious in their impact on a person’s health. The American Obesity Association has come up with an extremely long list of conditions that are directly or indirectly linked to extra weight. These conditions include arthritis, birth defects, various types of cancer, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, cardiovascular disease, heart attack, Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), daytime sleepiness, chronic venous insufficiency, gallbladder disease, diabetes, gout, heat disorders, hypertension, liver disease, and many others. Obesity depresses the immune reaction of the body to infection thus increasing the risk of infectious diseases. Severe obesity can depress menstrual activity in women, put them at risk for disorders during pregnancy, lead to problematic deliveries, and birth defects. The list, which is far from complete, demonstrates connection between being heavily overweight and development of virtually all conditions that are major death causes nowadays, with the exception of AIDS. This brings one to the tentative conclusion that overcoming obesity could seriously improve life quality and health. Continue reading
The civil conflicts in the Sudan have had a profound effect on its population with devastating consequences. It is rarely talked about in the media, or if it is, the headlines are minuscule.
Countless campaigns have been engineered to inform the masses of the world to the plight of the Sudanese people, but they have for the most part been futile. Much attention is given to celebrities divorcing or adopting kids from Africa, yet this conflict, which has been going on for the past twenty years, still remains to be resolved with international pressure. In the heart of this conflict are the extremist policies of the government and its institution of hard-line Sharia Law in the country. At the same time sideline, there is a flourishing Christian community, which is rapidly growing. The country has a history of Christianity that spans almost a millennia and a half, with a rich and traditional heritage, which has made the country what it is today.
Surprisingly, however, after years of conflict and persecution, the Christian community seems to be on the rise with numbers higher than that of many other states. In effect, the growth of Christianity in the country is starting to have a changing effect on the country, which will have reverberating effects on regional and world politics for years to come. In order to understand what is happening in Sudan, however, one must delve into its history in order to grasp how the country has been shaped over the past millennia. Continue reading
For many centuries people were being attacked by a phenomenon, which was only recently examined and called ‘Panic Disorder’. Until the XX century people were trying to fight the disease, which they could not understand. In 1980 a modern medicine has discovered not only the reason for this illness, but also the way it can be treated and cured. Panic disorder takes many forms, and this is the reason for its complexity.
This research paper is going to cover all the aspects concerning panic disorder and the role of the modern medicine in this matter. It is going to illustrate how the understanding of the illness has changed with a time and what major advantages these changes have brought.
The aim of the following research paper is to examine one of the anxiety disorders, panic disorder. The main questions of this research paper are what the symptoms of a panic disorder are, how it is different from the common feeling of the stress and fear, what causes the illness, what effective treatment can be applied to the patients who suffer from it, and how opinions of different professionals differ in this matter.
This paper is a significant contribution to the field of psychiatric deviations. Since a panic disorder is a comparatively new area in this field, there is still not much information available concerning this topic. The following research paper provides with information, which covers all the important issues in this area, in a structured and clear way. Continue reading
It has been said that there is such thing as a sustainable strategic advantage. Do you agree? Why or why not?
Under the normal state of affairs, most market transactions are considered as a zero-sum game. Following the same logic, it can be argued that one company’s strategic advantage is a strategic disadvantage of at least one of its competitors. However, if all players in a certain market employ the principles of strategic management, a strategically disadvantages competitor will try to minimize or revoke its state, thereby weakening the superiority of its competitors. Hence, in the simplest sense, sustainable strategic advantage does not exist.
However, not all markets behave this way. Monopolistic markets are one example in which lack of competition helps to sustain the monopolist’s strategic advantage unless the market structure changes. In the field of IT, Microsoft’s immense share of the operating systems is the company’s predominant strategic advantage. It faces some competition from Apple and Linux, but the two latter companies, each one with its own competitive advantages over its rival, do not seem to be near to face a significant challenge to Microsoft. Therefore, unless something dramatic will happen in the market, it should be assumed that Microsoft’s strategic advantage as a market leader is rather sustainable at the moment. Continue reading
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg. His full name given during the baptism was Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart and he often called himself Wolfgang Amadé Mozart. During his lifetime Mozart created more than 600 musical works, which have been widely popular during the last several centuries. Given the artist’s short lifespan the amount of work he created is especially stunning. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart has been and remains one of the most famous classical composers of all times and it seems that every musician after Mozart owes something to him.
Mozart was born in Salzburg after his parents, Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, moved there from Augsburg. His parents were musicians and already at the age of four little Wolfgang received his first music lesson. According to some sources, Mozart wrote his first piece of music at the age of eight, while other historians suggest that the future world-famous composer started writing music when he was five. At the age of six, Mozart was already performing for the first time, accompanied by his sister. Continue reading
Alexander Hamilton is one of the most important figures in the United States history. His contribution in designing the Government of the United States is exceptional. Hamilton’s figure still causes the arguments between historians and political scientists. He did not stand up for People’s Republic, though he rose from humble origin himself; he became the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, though his family was poor and he had to take care of himself since he was 13; he rested upon people’s greediness laying the cornerstone of the country’s financial system, though he was an honorable man and hated acquisitiveness. Many of Hamilton’s contemporaries disagreed with his model of government, calling him the enemy of freedom. But maybe he was just a supporter of order, who put his life into serving his country?
Alexander Hamilton was born on 11th of January in 1775, on the island of Nevis in the West Indies. Hamilton’s father left the family when Alexander was a child, and his mother died when the boy was about 13 years old. Alexander had to make his living on his own. His parents were never engaged, and his opponent and the second President of the United States John Adams often used the fact that Hamilton was an illegitimate child in numerous political conflicts between them. After his mother passed away, Alexander Hamilton started to work in a big accounting firm, and in three years, when he was 16, the young man stood in for his boss, while he was off to New York. Hamilton enjoyed reading and soon became interested in writing. He wrote his first essay about the hurricane that destroyed Christiansted on August 30, 1772. This essay was Hamilton’s ticket into a big world, it impressed many people in the community and some of them decided to collect money to send the young man to the North American colonies for his further education. Continue reading
Authors: Mary A. Lavin, Mary M. Krieger, Geralyn A. Meyer, Mark A. Spasser, Tome Cvitan, Cordie G. Reese, Judith H. Carlson, Anne G. Perry, and Patricia McNary.
Title: Development and evaluation of evidence-based nursing (EBN) filters and related databases
Journal: Journal of the Medical Library Association
Year: 2005 Volume: 93
Purpose and/or Problem Statement:
Following the notion that evidence-based nursing (EBN) differs materially from evidence-based medicine (EBM), the authors hypothesize that EBN should have its own literature research criteria and methods. Thus, the main objective of this study is clear and straightforward: to refine EBN search and to develop the appropriate search filters. Continue reading
Nations trade with each other because they beneﬁt from it. The gain from international trade, like the gain from all trade, arises because specialization enables resources to be allocated to their most productive uses in each trading nation. International trade begets a lot of difficulties and problems that shall be addressed. For example, which goods or services should be imported and exported, in which amount and where, and so on. If local manufacturers export most of the produced goods, this may cause a deficit and prices hike. If importers do not care about quality control, this may cause health or environmental problems, or cause local manufacturers to go out of business. So countries apply trade policies in order to maximize their benefits and minimize risks and negative effects of uncontrolled foreign trade. Today, we have the trade policy of Saudi Arabia in focus with its insistent liberal foreign trade policy; we will analyze and discuss its factors and implications and compare it to different trade policies. Continue reading