According to the World Health Organization, learning disability is a medical term that denotes a lifelong disorder of neurological origin. Learning disability is a disorder affecting one or more neuropsychological functions, which disrupts the acquisition, understanding, use and processing of verbal or nonverbal information. Learning disability cannot be caused by a dementia or a sensory impairment (vision or hearing), lack of school supervision, lack of motivation or poor socioeconomic conditions.
At a rough estimate, about 10-15% of the population is affected by this disorder. Learning disabilities may be present from birth (genetic, congenital) or may be acquired (e.g. brain damage).
Diagnostic criteria to identify the different learning disabilities have been established by the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV-TR, 2000) and the World Health Organization (ICD-10, 2003). These criteria are internationally recognized by the scientific and medical authorities.
The main criteria for the diagnosis of learning disability is a gap of at least two years between intellectual performance and academic achievement. This discrepancy can be explained by a) intellectual disability, b) psychological disorder c) sensory impairment (vision and hearing), d) lack of educational opportunity or e) lack of motivation and interest . Thus, to identify a learning disability it is necessary to analyze the overall picture of the child or adult, including his academic career, his record and his psycho-affective profile. The only persons authorized to make this global analysis are psychologists or neuropsychologists, who specialize in assessing learning disabilities (that is to say the professionals qualified to make an assessment of intellectual abilities, emotional, psychological, and academic performance, including skills in reading, spelling and mathematics).
Learning disabilities can result from one or more disorders or syndromes of neuropsychological origin, such as following: dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysphasia, dyspraxia, attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder, dyscalculia, memory disorders, dysexecutive syndrome, nonverbal learning disorder, autism, Tourette Syndrome, chromosomal syndrome (e.g. Kleinfelter, Turner).
For students writing their research papers on children with learning disabilities it is important to understand that learning disability is a handicap which usually lasts a lifetime. These disorders affect not only academic performance, but may also have an impact on all aspects of life, such as peer relationships, daily and domestic activities as well as the job performance.
To write a good reserch paper on learning disabilities in the classroom, It is important to understand the disorder nature so that early identification and interventions were effective. To find the necassary information, you can address free research paper topics on learning disabilities. Written by experienced professionals they will give the idea how to prepare perfect proposal on the matter and to present your thought in most favorable light. You can use these free samples for self education, but remeber they can only guide you in the right direction and will not do your work for you.
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