The second plague pandemic, known as the “Black Death“, has received its title in Denmark, because dead bodies of sick people and animals became black after death. In the XIV century, Black Death spread throughout Europe, Asia, and the northern coast of Africa.
So many people died of the plague that the corpses had to be buried in huge mass graves. However, they too were quickly overflowed, and many bodies of the victims remained to rot where they found the death.
It is believed that the plague first appeared in Central Asia in the 1330’s. From there, the epidemic spread gradually to the east, covering China and India, and to the west, where, before it got to Europe, it went to the Middle East and North Africa.
Some regions, such as Scandinavia, were almost completely depopulated. Norse settlement in Greenland died out to the last man. Rich and poor, young and old, the death has not spared anyone. At the same time, some areas – for example, the Italian city of Milan and its surroundings – escaped with only a small sacrifice. Since no one knew the real cause of the disease, and had no idea how to treat it, doctors tried the most bizarre methods and drugs. The structure of one such drug was a mixture of, 10-year-old molasses, small pieces of snake, wine, and 60 other components. According to another method, the patient had to sleep on the right side first and then on the left. Of course, there was no help from such treatment.
The first case of the Black Death was registered in October 1347, when 12 Italian ships returning from a voyage to the Black Sea, docked in the Sicilian port of Messina. Sailors and passengers on these ships were dying or already dead “from the pestilence that penetrated to the bone.”
In January 1348, the plague reached Marseille and Paris in the spring. “The plague, the great plague that came from the depths of Asia, brought down his whip on France meaner than all the other nations of Europe. The city streets have turned into mortuary suburbs, a slaughter. It claimed the fourth of the population. Entire villages were deserted, and among the untreated fields only abandoned huts stood by themselves… “(Maurice Druon. “When the king ruining France.”). In September, the plague came to England, and after it reached Germany. The epidemic also raged in the kingdom of Burgundy and Czech. Scandinavian countries have been invaded by the plague in 1349. The countries of Eastern Europe faced it in 1350.
The Black Death free sample research paper outline will let you know that in Europe, the Black Death took life of 25 million people, nearly a quarter of its population. The population of Europe was able to get back to the number that was up to the epidemic, only a hundred years later.
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