Chinese immigration in the United States is Americans of Chinese descent, a part of the Chinese community and at the same time are classified as Asian Americans. The term is used not only to the Chinese people, migrated directly from China, but also from Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and from other countries, where there is a large Chinese community.
Use free sample research papers n Chinese immigration to understand that the first Chinese migrants have appeared in the United States in 1820. In 1852, the number reached 25 000 people, and in 1880 -105 thousand people, most of them lived on the West coast of the country and were from the Chinese province of Guangdong. The mass Chinese immigration in those days was due to the economic instability in China under the Qing dynasty and a large number of jobs in the construction of transcontinental railways in the United States related to rapid colonization of the West and the gold rush in California. After the construction of major roads, the Chinese population was farming, supplying the country’s food markets.
From 1885 to 1943, Chinese immigration was banned. Despite the repeal of the Act in 1943, it was severely limited up to 1965. In 1970, the majority of migrants were of Hong Kong and Taiwan origin, with a very small number of people from the Chinese mainland. With the lift of the restrictions in 1980, a large Chinese community was formed in the United States.
Legally, all ethnic Chinese born in the United States, were American citizens. The migrants after the naturalization process should give an oath of allegiance to the United States, however, are not required to renounce former citizenship. At the same time, China does not recognize dual nationality and considers these people are citizens of the United States.
Chinese population in the United States accounted for 22.4% of the Asian population. In the 2006, their number was estimated at 3.6 million, which is 1.2% of the population. The largest number of Chinese is living in the greater New York area and in nearby states. Other major settlement areas are San Francisco Bay area, Los Angeles, Boston, Chicago and other major cities of the country. Another part of the Chinese population is scattered in rural areas and university campuses. In the 2000, the Chinese population was about 3% of the total in California and about 1% to the North-East. The large cities usually have multiple Chinatowns.
The most common Chinese language in the country is Cantonese, among languages of non-English speaking population it ranks third in number of speakers. This is due to the large number of migrants from the Pearl River Delta region, especially during the 19th century. With the increase of migrants from mainland China, Putonghua is more important, among migrants of recent years also distributed Minsk languages and Wu Chinese.
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