The bombing of Hiroshima took place on August 6 1945 at 8:15 over the industrial city of the city. It was the first atomic bomb ever used. The Little Boy a uranium-based bomb, with an explosive force equivalent to 15-16 kilotons of TNT – the data varies from source to source. It had the shape of a cylinder 3.05 m long, had a diameter of 0.71 m and the weight about 4,000 kg. The active components were about 60 kg of uranium.
To write a research paper on bombing of Hiroshima you should know that the flight raid, which dropped the bomb on Hiroshima, was led by Colonel Paul Tibbets who flew the aircraft Enola Gay. The attack involved three aircraft of type Boeing B-29 Superfortress. The bomb was released from 10 000 feet and detonated 600 feet above the ground for it to have maximum effect.
Between 90,000 and 120,000 of the inhabitants are estimated to have been killed by the immediate detonation or of other injuries the next few days. Many of those who did not die in the explosion burned to death under the rubble.
In addition to those who were affected by the detonation and later a large number of people has also died from radiation damage.
The official line from the U.S. government was that the atomic bombings were necessary when a planned invasion of the Japanese mainland would have been too costly in human lives. So far, about 200,000 U.S. troops were killed alone in the war against Japan. In the battle of Okinawa in May to June 1945, the number of soldiers have been killed is estimated over 110,000 Japanese and 12,000 American. The Japanese troops defended every inch of land with all possible means, and civilians died in the hundreds of thousands. Some historians also believes that the U.S. was keen to get a quick end to the war, and thus avoid a Soviet position advancing in East Asia.
Critics against the decision to use atomic bombs for bombing Hiroshima argue that even before the bombs dropped Japan was preparing and tried to negotiate a surrender, and that the U.S. knew, but ignored it. Instead they believe that the use of atomic bombs was primarily meant as a deterrent against future enemy, the USSR. It has also been speculated that the United States did not want the huge sums invested in the Manhattan Project would go to waste.
Some critics argue also that from the war strategic point of view there was no justification for the use of the atomic bomb. The extensive bombing by the U.S. had already decimated the country’s industries and food supplies had become critical. Added to this is the Soviet Union’s declaration of war against Japan on August 8. Question was no longer if the Japanese wanted to continue fighting, they would not be able to do it much longer.
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