Research Paper on Bosnian Genocide

Bosnian genocide refers to the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims in which more than 30,000 people were killed during the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the period from 1992 to 1995. The Serb general Ratko Mladic and several other Bosnian Serb officers have been indicted for multiple wa crimes and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which has concluded that the massacres in Bosnia-Herzegovina was genocide.

According to generally accepted by the international community versions 7000-8000 unarmed Bosnian men aged 13 to 77 years were killed by Serbs. The very first convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Srebrenica case and only confessed to the murder after the fall of Srebrenica was a mercenary of the 10th Sabotage Detachment Drazen Erdemovic, who was sentenced in November 1996 to five years in prison. However after three and a half years in prison, Erdemovic was released. Based on his testimony in August 2001, Gen. Radislav Krstic was convicted, who was one of the senior officers of the Bosnian Serb army.

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In 2003, the responsibility for the mass murder of peaceful Bosnian population was officially recognized by the authorities of the Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2010, the Serbian parliament also condemned the massacre.

In January 2007, the International Criminal Tribunal characterized the actions of the Serbs as genocide. In turn, in January 2009, the European Parliament proclaimed July 11 the Day of Remembrance for the Srebrenica genocide.

The fall of the Bosnian enclave Zepa, declared by the UN Security Council in May 1993, as the security zone was a little-known event. Serbs stormed Zepa, two days after the fall of Srebrenica and were able to occupy the city only on July 25. As a result of the assault Bosnians lost about 70 people killed.

The wounded and civilians were evacuated in Sarajevo and Kladanj and a half thousand prisoners were subsequently exchanged for Serbs. The only criminal (non-combat) victim of the fall of Zepa became Colonel Avdo Palic, missing July 27, 1995 at Camp UNPROFOR during negotiations on the terms of surrender of the Zepa garrison.

In 2001, the Bosnian Serb General Radislav Krstic was found guilty of genocide for his role in the massacre in Srebrenica in 1995 and sentenced to 46 years in prison.

The former Serbian President Slobodan MiloŇ°evi? , was indicted in 2001 for genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was previously indicted for war crimes in Kosovo and ethnic cleansing in Croatia. He died in 2006 and the case was therefore dismissed.

December 2012 was a Bosnian Serb general, Zdravki Tilimor, convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague (ICTY) found guilty of genocide for their role in the Srebrenica massacre.

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