Human resources management (HRM) is an area of knowledge and practice, which is intended to promote the organization of quality staff that is able to function properly and in the most optimal mode. Human resource management is an integral part of the quality management system of any organization.
Human resource management is the process of effective use and development of human resources of the company in order to achieve organizational and personal goals of the staff, through the use of economic, institutional, and socio-psychological control techniques.
Human resources management is a focused impact on the human component of the organization, oriented on the alignment of staff capabilities, goals, strategies, and conditions for the development of the organization.
HR (human resources management) is a systematic and organizational process of reproduction and efficient use of personnel.
Effective foreign trade policy that would be competitive in overseas markets, depends not only on the technical equipment of the enterprise, availability of modern technology, a set system of control product quality, research of market environment, and consistent implementation of the concept of promoting products to overseas markets, as well as the company’s employees qualification and effective personnel management. Human resource management has become increasingly important as a factor in increasing competitiveness, success in implementing its development strategy.
Human resource management can be defined as an activity that aims to achieve the most effective use of personnel to meet business and personal goals.
Human resource is traditionally associated with enterprise efficiency. Such efficiency is sometimes understood in a narrow sense and means maximizing the profits. However, the effectiveness is more often regarded not only in economic terms, such as cost, quality, productivity, innovation, profi. But in a broader context and concepts associated with personal and psychological aspects, such as staff satisfaction with their work, participation in Company’s life, a high level of collective self-esteem, motivation to work effectively.
At the scope of practical activity, HR is a system of interrelated organizational and economic measures to create conditions for the proper functioning of the efficient use of the human resource of the company. HR is at the center of the company management.
The subject of human resource management is the management of employees in the production process concerning the most complete and efficient use of their potential. The primary purpose of personnel management is the combination of the practical personnel training, skills improvement and stimulation to work harder. To achieve this goal, first of all, you need to determine the features of managerial work.
Human resource is the population of working age, having physical and mental abilities to participate in the labor process. Personnel is people employed by a company, which has particular competence, combining expertise and motivation of each employee and determine its behavior in the organization of the labor process. A person in the company acts as the subject or object of management.
HR at the company is exercised by line managers with the participation of subordinate departments of social direction (Human Resources Department retraining). Human resource management activity, as a special function, is determined by the specific organizational tasks:
- Development of the concept of personnel management, personnel, and human resources strategy;
- Personnel accounting, inventory, and maintenance of personnel documentation;
- Personnel recruitment / selection;
- Personnel professional orientation and adaptation;
- Personnel training and development;
- Personnel motivation;
- Personnel assessment;
Stuff management is divided into the following activities: search and adaptation of personnel, personnel briefing (including personnel training and development, performance appraisal, work organization, management of business communication, motivation, and remuneration), and strategic work with the staff.
Here are presented main tasks of human resources management:
- Completing the company stuff in accordance with the development strategy in the short, medium, and long term perspective, as well as with the objectives of the production plan, including specific financial performance.
- Creating a management system for the leading reserve, ensuring continuity of leadership and reducing the risk of losses in personnel.
- Making decisions about managers, unable to cope with their tasks.
- The orientation of service personnel management to achieve operating results.
Here are presented main methods of human resources management:
- economic methods are the techniques of influence on personnel, using concrete methods of comparing costs and benefits (incentives and sanctions, funding and loans, salary, cost, profit, and price);
- organizational and management methods are methods of direct action of the imperative and obligatory nature, which are based on discipline, responsibility, authority, coercion, legal and documented functions performing;
- social and psychological methods (motivation, moral encouragement, social planning).
Specialist in Human Resources is a HR-Manager (Human Resources Manager). Sometimes company may delegate some of its HRM functions to employment agencies. For example, the function connected with the staff recruitment can be transmitted to employment agencies. In addition, there is fast development of the personnel management functions in recruitment agencies, which take these part of management from the client companies. However, strategic personnel management issues are still under the control of the company.
The writing of research proposal on the subject requires the profound knowledge of the process.
Students have to analyze carefully the main point of the management system to be able to explain its structure and function. Free sample research paper topics on human resources management can give you enough information for successful research project preparing, composing, and structuring.
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