Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, whose tribal clan name is “Madiba,” was born 18 July 1918 in Mvezo (Union of South Africa). Commonly known as the first black President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, Nelson Mandela was one of the leaders of the historic fight against the political system of apartheid.
After graduating as a lawyer, Mandela became a participant of the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944, where his objective was to fight peacefully for the political and economic equality and the abolition of the white minority domination and racial segregation led by it. Nelson Mandela stood nonviolently against the laws, which the white minority exercised from 1948. When and it became obvious that nonviolent struggle was not successful, Mandela became a leader of the ANC military wing known as Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961.
Under his command, the new military organization started a number of the acts of sabotage against military and government installations. On 12 July 1963, Mandela was arrested by the Police indicated by the CIA and was sentenced to life in prison. Therefore, he became internationally known for his fight against racial discrimination and had a growing international support.
Having spent in prison very hard 27 years of his life, Madiba was freed on 11 February 1990. After his release, he came back to active politic life and supported the negotiation and reconciliation with Frederike de Klerk, then President, and his government. Nelson Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for both peacefully put an end to apartheid and starting to build democratic South Africa.
When the period of transition, which due to his cooperative with de Klerk efforts was peaceful, ended, Madiba took the office of the South Africa President in 1994. He became the first non-white holder of a title, was the initiator of the segregation abolition and provided a new national idea of reconciliation. However, one of his most serious oversights became a great expansion of AIDS in his native country.
Nelson Mandela was subsequently involved in several associations fighting against poverty and AIDS, and assigned the ambassador of the World Heritage Site. He remains a world recognized personality, whose word is of a great influence in the domain of human rights and is considered as the father of a democratic South Africa. Nevertheless, the country still have a number of problematic issues such as great social and economic inequality, and great number of HIV.
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