Several approaches are possible to overcome addiction to smoking, which is considered a disease. Some were evaluable according to the usual protocols of the scientific process and can be recommended to health professionals. Others are not assessable with these criteria but they are also highly-used. The quitting without external assistance remains the most common.
College students writing their research paper on quitting smoking must know that the assessment of addiction is often a prerequisite needed before undertake quitting smoking. In fact, it depends on the risk of failure and the need for therapeutic help. This dependence can be approximated for example by the Fagerström test, which consists of a questionnaire on smoking habits.
Quitting smoking can be done immediately or gradually by reducing the number of daily cigarettes. Both strategies appear equivalent in terms of success.
In addicted person, smoking relieves for awhile an imperceptible need subjectively equated to suffering. The conventional approach is to smoke one last cigarette and be sufficiently determined and confident to smoke never again. The probability of achieving a successful unaided refrain from smoking for a year or more with this method is estimated by sources between 3 and 7%.
Smokers who quit without outside assistance generally accept to undergo some destabilizing days: the effects of withdrawal are temporary and benign (non-field pathological proven). Past eight days the “need” to smoke became less intense and can be overcome more easily: this increases confidence, especially as the benefits of stopping are felt very fast. Past three weeks, the craving to smoke is not caused by a physical need and generally take an occasional nature.
Quitting smoking must take into account the fact that the desire to smoke remains permanently etched in memory: we cannot afford not to learn to cope to be protected. Given the vagaries of life, it is likely that one day this desire manifests itself again with the risk of recurrence: brain awareness is volatile, one puff of tobacco smoke can be enough to reactivate addiction.
It is possible to make this suffering – present in three out of four cases – easier by reducing aggression and obsession with cravings, taking knowledge and especially be aware of the complex effects of smoking and mechanisms the dependence against which our will is usually powerless.
There are several practical books describing various cessation methods not scientifically evaluated.
According to a recommendation by the High Health Authority, a medical management of patients who smoke is always recommended, especially in cases ofc omorbidity or risk of complications (hospitalization, depression, pregnancy, polydrug use, history or neuropsychiatric treatment, etc.).
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