Taj Mahal is one the greatest piece of architecture of India and the whole world. This mosque-mausoleum was built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved resting wife Mumtaz, who died in childbirth. The Taj Mahal is a complex of buildings, consisting of a mausoleum, mosque, guest house, main gate, a beautiful garden and some other magnificent buildings.
The construction of the mausoleum dates back to the 1648. The surrounding gardens and other equally gorgeous architectural structures of the complex was completed in just five years. The tomb is built according to the strict canons of Islamic architecture and is similar to a mosque. Building stands on a square platform with truncated corners.
The main dome of the mausoleum rises to a height of 74 meters and has around four smaller domes. A little further there were built four thin minarets. The towers were built with a slope back so that in the case of earthquake they would not fall on the mausoleum. All external and internal surfaces of the mausoleum are made of translucent polished marble (brought to the construction from 300 km distant quarry) and carved with Islamic ornaments with semi-precious stones: jasper, agate, turquoise, carnelian, malachite.
Over each entrance in the form of arches are carved sayings from the Koran with intricate swirls. In the center of the mausoleum, there are the tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz, surrounded by marble fence. (In fact, the place of burial is below – directly below the tombs, underground.) The magnificent gate of the Taj Mahal are decorated with 22 domes, which represent the number of years spent on the construction of the tomb. A worthy addition to the Taj Mahal is a lush garden, which has a geometric layout. In the center of the garden there is a large pool, which divides the complex into four parts. Each of the segments is divided by several channels.
Despite the fact that the white marble dome of the mausoleum is the most prominent component of the Taj Mahal, the mausoleum is a structurally integrated complex. The construction began in 1632 and was completed in 1653 by 20,000 artisans and craftsmen under guiding of the board of great architects including Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, Makramat Khan, and Deschênes Ana. According to another version, the main architect of Taj Mahal was Turk Isa Muhammad Effendi.
Those students, who want to write their research proposals on Taj Mahal, must carefully study the history of the mausolem. Their papers have to present a detailed descriptin of the mosque and its decoration.
To feel more confident, you may consult several research papers on Taj Mahal. They will show you how to write a first-class resaerch project on different Taj Mahal topics.
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