Voting Rights Act of 1965 is an American federal law, ensuring the equal participation of minorities, especially African Americans in the U.S. elections.
Specifically managed discriminatory literacy tests for potential voters, centralized voter registration at the federal level in areas where less than 50% of the population are registered voters, and other gerrymandering techniques for disadvantaging minorities gave the U.S. Department of Justice various rights of control over the election law in areas where African Americans make up more than five percent of the population.
To prepare an excellent research paper on voting rights act you should know that the law passed both houses of Congress by a large majority, was signed by then President Lyndon B. Johnson on August 6, 1965 and renewed by Congress in 1970, 1975, 1982, and 2006.
In June 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States lifted Section 4b of the Act, which defines the states and counties whose right to vote requires a prior authorization under section 4a of the Act. That decision led to controversial discussions in the U.S. public.
The law responded to the fact that illiteracy tests and other local measures have been used mainly in the southern states to systematically exclude on average poorer and poorly educated African American of the election. Since the election laws are not regulated in the United States generally at the federal level, often racial segregation favorable among the Southern Democrats in the South had stable majorities in the state organs, had this many opportunities to circumvent the provisions of the Constitution or soften that of the prohibited discrimination of African Americans. To ensure the equality of suffrage was one of the main demands of the American civil rights movement.
Generally there is no “right to choose” in the United States, the right to vote is a legally assigned by the State privilege. Together with three additional articles of the Constitution has led the Act Supreme Court to recognize Voting Right a fundamental right. Restrictions on the right to vote were not ruled out, but required detailed constitutional analysis.
Johnson gave the law to Congress on March 17, 1965. After an unsuccessful filibuster attempt in the Senate, it was adopted on 25 May this year, the House of Representatives on July 10. Since the U.S. laws must be adopted verbatim by both chambers of Congress, but various amendments were brought in both chambers, the law went to the Conciliation Committee, which drew up a consensus version. The House of Representatives passed the bill on August 3, 1965, the Senate on August 4. The U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed it on August 6 at a ceremony to which numerous African-American civil rights activists like Martin Luther King have appeared.
The Congress passed the Voting Rights Act only temporary, so it had to be renewed it in 1970, 1975, 1982, and in 1982 and 2006 it was extended for another 25 years, respectively. However, the Section 4 of it was canceled in 2013 by the Supreme Court.
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