War on Drugs is a term used in the United States to refer to efforts by the U.S. government to fight against drugs.
According to U.S. authorities, the main reason for the authorities to carry out this struggle was the health of the economy. Drug users were often less productive at work. Drug use was widespread in the United States in the 1970s.
The U.S. government refuses to see the country future being threatened by this problem. And, according to the Government that reason was sufficient to justify spending the resources, time, and efforts on the war against drugs, whether it was on the United States territory or abroad.
The campaign against the United States drug is part of a bigger anti-drug program aimed at the drug complete elimination, with its prohibition as a first step.
This concept was formed at the period of the Opium Wars, which main actors were China and the United Kingdom, where China wished to ban imports of British opium. As a result of this collision, the Great Britain got the possibility to freely ship its opium to China. The U.S. Temperance movements were indignant then by that forced trade of the narcotic substance for a profit as a single goal. Such movements were usually founded by religious group – often Protestant – and considered psychotropic drugs as a threat to society and its moral values. After these movements were joined by feminist movements, they took an important place in American political life and discourse.
In 1906, the first law Pure food and drug act, which was designed to control the cocaine trade, which abuse became increasingly threatening in 1914, was adopted, as well as the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act in order to eventually prohibit alcohol (1919-1933) and finally marijuana in 1937.
In 1909, in Shanghai, the first international consultation on the subject at the initiative of the United States was held, whose main goals were to deprive the Europeans of their immoral opium income. It was followed by The Hague Conference in 1912, where the first International Opium Convention was signed.
From the end of World War II, the U.S. take charge of the international anti-drug policy in particular by promoting through the UN various conventions for prohibition or regulation of drug related substances.
Along with the official policy of the United States, the CIA was considered involved in many drug trafficking activity around the world to finance its operations, which sometimes led to the tension between the Langley and DEA, e.g., Peru with Fujimori case.
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