United States Border Patrol (USBP) is a uniformed and armed police association.
To write a successful Border Patrol research paper you have to know that the USBP was created on 28 May 1924 as an agency of the United States Department of Labor. Prior to 2003, the Border Patrol was part of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), which is a part of the Ministry of Justice of the United States.
The U.S. Border Patrol activities are concerned with surveillance of more than 8,000 miles of the country’s borders and its security. Successful implementation of this mission at the present level is impossible without the use of high technology.
In the sector of San Diego, California, patrol of 2000 agents is responsible for 60 miles of border, passing through difficult terrain. According to the complexity and range of tasks – it is one of the busiest areas of the Patrol activity. Its staff uses many technological developments – infrared night vision surveillance and air support, seismic sensors, etc. Yet here one of the most powerful tools is considered to be GIS technology.
The office of special technology in the San Diego sector constantly feels that GIS is helping its best agents to fulfill their task. “We use GIS to maximize the effectiveness of our efforts to combat smuggling, ensure our border security and for the management of available resources,” – said John Block, agent and Inspector in the office. “Analyzing data on detention, we can now form a more complete picture of the activities of smugglers and other types of violations in the border area.”
Currently, the Border Patrol is more than 11,000 employees, monitoring borders of 19,000 miles on land and water. The main objective is the prevention of illegal immigration into the territory of the United States, especially at the between the United States and Mexico border. As the immigration issue was considered by the domestic policy from the standpoint of homeland security, man strength of the U.S. Border Patrol was more than doubled within a short time, in the meantime, 6000 men of the National Guard of the United States was used at the border as a part of the post-2006 Operation Jumpstart.
Due to the rapid expansion of the United States Border Patrol, neither teams nor senior officials have been carefully selected and trained. In the years 2007 to 2012 officials have shot in at least ten cases across the border to Mexico, killing completely innocent Mexican citizens in six cases. The United States Border Patrol is not subject to public, judicial, so that in neither case an officer was put on trial.
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