Nowadays, leadership plays a crucial role in practically all spheres of life, especially in legislation and law enforcement. In fact, it should be said that nowadays organizational culture is one of the critical issues of the general success of the functioning of the legal system, as well as social stability based on the respect of all citizens to law due the to the public image, behavior and social recognition of leaders. At the same time, it should be pointed out that one of the fundamental goals of any leader should be the formation of a positive atmosphere in the society at large and about law in particular (Burton 2001). As a result, it is necessary to develop a new culture of social relations which would enforce the law and social stability.
Obviously, in such a situation the role of leaders is to head the improvement of the atmosphere within the society and develop the healthy culture of social relations by law.
It means that at the present moment social culture is a part of the functioning of society, and the higher level of culture society has the more stable and democratic it is, but without leadership, it can hardly be achieved (Burton 2001). At the same time, the development of a high organizational culture is scarcely possible without hard work on this issue of leaders working in the legislative field which actually establish the basic ‘rules of the game’ and are supposed to demonstrate the highest level of culture that should be followed as an example by the rest of society (Coleridge 1999).
On analyzing the current situation, it is possible to estimate that society suffers from numerous problems which are not only socio-economic by nature but legal as well. Such a case results in the various issues people have with the law, high rates of crimes, deterioration of the atmosphere in society. In other words lack of healthy social culture is observed in community through the understanding of its importance makes this problem one of the primary targets in the development of society and it is leaders who should actually pedal the improvement of socio-cultural situation with the help of enforcement of law which lead to increase of the role of not only legal but moral norms as well (Burton 2001).
Also, it should be said that as a rule numerous problems of society are often associated with the lack of high and not very ‘healthy’ leadership, and the reasons for such views are quite understandable. Apparently, nowadays, despite certain trends to democratization and liberalization of relations within society, the role of leaders and their position is still vital, especially about the development of a healthy social culture.
Furthermore, it is practically impossible to imagine a society with a high level of social culture if its leaders do not maintain the fundamental principles that correspond to the notion of social perception. In other words, if leaders are characterized by arguable or even immoral ways of actions or decisions than it is impossible to speak also about the possibility of establishing of proper relations within society and respect to laws of the state they head (Jefferson 2000). For instance, the fate of the former Iraqi leader and his country may perfectly illustrate how wrong actions and decisions, which are entirely unacceptable, utterly immoral, and what is more violate all moral and legislative norms could be ruinous for the country. To put it more precisely, this example shows that a leader violates laws that he cannot rely on his citizens, and the only repression can preserve his regime from ruin.
In fact, it is impossible to develop normal relations within the society enforcing laws if there exist double standards or if leaders are in a privileged position. In other words, leaders cannot enforce the law while violating legislative norms themselves (Jefferson 2000). Apparently, in such a situation it would be quite natural if the relations and interactions between ordinary people of such a society would be characterized by high level of conflict and total lack of respect for law as well as to their leaders.
Unfortunately, nowadays there are still a lot of examples of societies which suffer from a low level of respect to law because of poor leadership, but such a situation cannot last forever. To understand the ruinous character of the lack of law enforcement due to just and robust administration while weak leadership or attempts of leaders to avoid responsibility for the development of legislative norms and respect for the law of citizens are progressing instead, then normal functioning of the society is impossible. Society and efficient legal system need proper and responsible leadership since a variety of people living in the community cannot organize themselves and establish some basic principles, norms, and laws of their life. At the same time, leaders should encourage citizens to accept basic legislative principles and standards from the moment they first head this society, and this is the function of a leader to inform people about country’s history, its traditions, and culture, its laws, and principles of their functioning (Coleridge 1999).
Naturally, the question concerning recommendations to leaders as for enforcement of law arises because it is quite difficult to achieve this goal without practical knowledge, principles and a clear plan of actions. In fact, on answering this question, partially it is possible to refer to the role of leaders in the formation of social respect to law and enforcement of law at large mentioned above. To put it more precisely it is possible to recommend to leaders to become keepers of social culture, traditions, and legal principles. It means that they really should be possibly close to the social ideal of a perfect citizen.
In actuality, it means that their actions, behavior, and attitude to other people, including entirely all citizens regardless their social status, beliefs, gender, race, or whatever else, should fully correspond to basic cultural norms accepted within the company. At the same time, to make the existing standards and rules acceptable, leaders should carefully inform people about the importance of the changes in laws or the necessity of stable functioning of existing ones (Schmitt 1999). In such a way, it would be possible to unite all people in the society in their respect to legislative norms since they will be convinced to share the same moral values, views, ideas that would naturally minimize possible conflicts and create good ambiance within society.
Apparently, nowadays leadership implies the promotion of fundamental cultural, moral and legal norms of society that may be a very efficient means to enforce the law. Nonetheless, this measure is obviously insufficient since there remains room for frivolous interpretation of legal and moral norms by leaders themselves that would naturally undermine social stability and respect to laws.
In such a situation, it is possible to recommend establishing clear legal rules and norms that would be understandable and acceptable for all members of the society. For instance, it may be some ethical code developed by the organization to standardize behavior and life of all people, including leaders. At the same time, it is very important that this code, consisting of the set of basic rules and norms obligatory for all people living in the society, was developed not only by leaders but by all people representing different social classes that can be done by means of consultations, participation of public organizations in taking decisions relating to legislation changes or improvement, referendums, etc. Naturally, nobody can force people to act according to the demands of the ethic code developed by leaders uniquely, while the contribution of every citizen in the creation of such a system would make it more acceptable to every citizen who would readily follow the rules he/she in person has suggested or agreed.
At first glance, it seems as if the role of leaders in this respect appears to be not very important, but this is an erroneous view because it is the leaders who should initiate the enforcement of law and stimulate people to contribute to the formation of high culture and respect to code within the society. Moreover, it is leaders who should follow directions to the primary norms and rules developed in the community (Wilson 2001). Anyway, it is critical that they remained democratic and were not in a privileged position compared to the rest of citizens. Otherwise, no measures to enforce the law would be sufficient.
Finally, it should be said that leadership, being extremely important, can contribute to law enforcement with the help of law enforcement agencies where it will be possible to develop the most efficient strategies of law enforcement and the ways of their practical implementation. At the same time, such organizations provide ample opportunity for development of new ideas concerning law enforcement since people purposefully work on this problem. Moreover, law enforcement agencies can also contribute to better surveillance over the proper execution of existing laws, increasing the control over the functioning of lawyers and their implementation as well as to their better understanding of society through regular informing people about recent changes in legislation and essential legislative acts.
Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is possible to conclude that nowadays the role of leaders in the enforcement of the law can hardly be underestimated. It is why they should carefully work on the permanent improvement of the existing legal system as one of the leading conditions of the successful functioning of the whole society. At the same time, they should be democratic enough to hear the opinion of ordinary citizens to avoid possible social conflicts. In other words, the real enforcement of law may be achieved only using permanent communication between leaders and citizens, and just due to their close the legal system of a country may acquire essential forms that would be acceptable to all people living within the society.
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