Foster care is the formal relationship between a foster child and the receiving adoptive parents. Foster care can be private or organized by the youth welfare office. In the latter case, an assistance plan between the parties involved (origin parents, foster parents, youth welfare office) is legally required and regularly reviewed.
The students who are about to write a successful research proposal on foster care should know that there are different – not always clearly definable – forms:
- Daycare: for example, the child may have the hour/half day/full day care with his family/person in occupation of the parents or parent of the parent, but remains normal integrated into the family of origin. Permission from the youth office is required.
- Complementary care: with deficits of various kinds in the family of origin, there are the foster parents ‘coaches’ with a helping responsibility to offer the child an additional experience.
- Short-term care: For temporary housing., if, for example, there is a case of taking a single mother suddenly to the hospital or when a removal of a child from the family (so-called. taking into care) must be made immediately to clarify further options.
- Permanent care/full-time care: on continued education inability of origin parents (reasons such as long-term illness, addiction dependency, etc.) there will be a more extended recording. It is intended (depending on the age of the child) to prevent primary stage of the relationships between the child and the foster parents, while his origin parents may return after appropriate time. Then, if necessary, the child is placed in the foster home. With a full-time foster care, a permission of the youth ministry will be needed. The inclusion of a child with the aim of adoption establishes a permanent foster care, but no adoptive care.
- Adoptive care: a period of supervision after the consent of the biological parents for adoption (or the replacement by the guardianship court) and the actual adoption of a child.
- Special forms: depending on the need for assistance additional types may be encountered; be it mixed forms such as weekly care, where a child lives during the week in foster care and on weekends with the family of origin or special care conditions such as professional education agencies, where usually trained educators or employed professionals from the youth welfare bodies spiritually accommodate in their family especially severely traumatized children who could not be absorbed in ordinary foster families.
- Socio-educational foster care or individual or curative foster families are forms that place particular demands on the skills of the foster parents, but the foster families are not employees of a youth welfare support. However, they get a rate allowance, i.e., the share for education expenses is correspondingly higher.
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