Obesity Research Report:
Obesity (Latin adipositas – literally obesity, corpulence) is fat deposition, weight gain by the increase of the adipose tissue. Adipose tissue can be deposited in the places of physiological deposition, such as breast, thighs, and abdomen.
Apparently, the primary cause for obesity is associated with heredity. However, despite the genetic predisposition, obesity is an acquired disorder. The bad habit of eating more food than required, in combination with genetic predisposition leads to the disorder. Body fat in the abdominal area is often not located under the skin, but around the internal organs, which brings a whole bunch of trouble: from simple inconvenience to atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, cerebral thrombosis, fatty liver, varicose veins, diabetes, gout, arthritis, and cancer chondrosis.
There is primary and secondary form of obesity. Primary or nutrition-constitutional obesity is often due to a genetic predisposition. Among the secondary forms, there are hypothalamic (due to the pathology in the hypothalamic region) and endocrine obesity. Endocrine forms include adiposogenital obesity associated with hypoplasia of the gonads (hypogonadism) and thyrogenous obesity, depending on hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism, myxedema), and obesity the anterior pituitary tumor syndrome (Cushing’s pituitary).
There are four degrees of obesity:
- I degree – the patient’s body weight exceeds the normal by 20-29 %;
- II degree – the patient’s body weight exceeds the normal weight by 30-49 %;
- III degree – the patient’s body weight exceeds the normal weight by 50-99 %;
- IV degree – the patient’s body weight exceeds the normal weight by 100 % or more.
The main methods of treatment for overweight and obesity include adherence to a diet high in fiber, vitamins, and other biologically active ingredients (cereals, and whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, herbs, etc.) and limited consumption of simple carbohydrates (sugar, sweets, pastries, bread, and pasta of high-grade flour), as well as physical activity.
The general approach for drug treatment of obesity is to test all known drugs for the treatment of obesity. If the result of medical treatment is a minor or none, patient needs to stop the treatment.
Then the question of surgical treatment must be considered. Liposuction is the operation, during which fat cells are sucked out of the patient body.
However, such an operation can be used only for cosmetic correction of small local fat deposits.
Although the amount of body fat and body weight after liposuction may be reduced, according to a recent study by British doctors, such operation is useless for the patient’s health. Apparently, it is visceral fat, located within the abdominal cavity around the internal organs, which is the main cause for health trouble.
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