Vocational education is a training of the staff in the situation of professional practice.
There is difference between in-company training, school education (schools, vocational schools or professional colleague), training in the dual system (apprenticeship in conjunction with the vocational school and inter-company courses) and the study.
Those college and university students who are seeking to write a good research paper on the topic should understand that vocational education should not be confused with professional training offered by working professionals to (vocational) colleges. The aim here is to adapt the knowledge and skills to changing requirements. The boundary (used mostly in the general range) with the concept of training is blurred.
Vocational education is to impart theoretical knowledge and practical skills that lead to professional competence. The practical training complements theoretical knowledge in a vocational school and/or company training facilities.
The training as vocational training is characterized by the following features:
- Implementation in a structured course of training;
- Mediation of a broad-based basic vocational training;
- Mediation if necessary for the exercise of a professional activity professional skills and knowledge;
- Acquisition of professional experience required.
Within the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA), an Associate degree accomplished in a State of the EU or EEA is recognized to the extent it is entitled to exercise a given profession and completed training is not significantly different of the State, in which the professional activity – as an employee or as an independent entrepreneur – should be exercised. The legal basis is the Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications, which had to be transposed into national law by the Member States by October 2007.
Citizens of the European Union, who have acquired their professional qualifications in a Member State have free access to their profession by the EU Professional Qualifications Directive, under the same conditions as nationals. The EU Professional Qualifications Directive also applies to citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland.
The requirements for the nationals of third countries up to 1 April 2012 fot most professions are different. On April 1, 2012, the so-called Recognition Act came into force, which is the law to improve the detection and recognition of professional qualifications acquired abroad. With it the procedures were provided for the assessment of foreign professional qualifications in the area of the total Federal responsibility. The law serves to confer a “better use of acquired abroad professional qualifications for the European labor market to allow a skill near employment.” The law is accompanied with the online recognition portal developed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, launched in Germany. Here people can with a foreign professional qualification can search for the responsible for the recognition of their qualification and learn about the procedure and legal foundations.
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